“….The challenge of modernity is to live without illusions and without becoming disillusioned….”
~ Antonio Gramsci / Marxist Philosopher and Political Theorist~
How do we perceive industrialisation in the world? What have a revolution in industry cast on world’s society? Modernisation is one of the most prominent effect – probably the biggest – that any system can have contributed upon it’s people. In post-colonial world, many civilisation have been essentially modernised, which ranges from the advancement of information technology, urbanisation and the most important core : the spread of education. BUT, is that all? is that what basically a modernisation having done to a society? Gramsci, a very influential and brilliant philosopher, theorized a tenet- famously called “cultural hegemony” – which strongly censures and criticizes the political body of dominance, monopoly and subordination of a bourgeois class over proletariat in social structure or under present circumstance, in which one major country have an oblique but massive influence in cultural, social, economic and political sphere on a less-developing and more weak countries. The history of hegemonic power goes way back to the era of ancient greece but the existence are still present today. The industrial revolution has even reinforced the imperial power to wield their mighty domination in the poor countries to keep them in the bondage and subjection through financial debt, under pretext to advance free trade globalisation. The chain of dependency – especially those countries where the population have suffered in enormous economic crisis or famine – is unscrewed and remains one of the biggest challenge any poor country have to face up with. As in issue antonio gramsci tried to grasp : modernity should not become an “invitation” for a powerful hegemony to cloak it’s agenda and perpetuate their influence in their inferior colony. If it never cease to exist, then it would be a blatant indication for a catastrophic setback of human rights and another privilige that should not be deprived by anyone.
Written by DHANA
“….Until industrial feudalism is replaced by industrial democracy, politics will be the shadow cast on society by big business….”
~ John Dewey / Philosopher and Psychologist ~
In this famous remark, John Dewey – a highly respected and revered philosopher in 20th century – enunciated a bleak, horrific condition and reality that exists in a free and open society. In many free worlds, such as United States, democracy and it’s value necessarily are very imperative and essential to fulfill the needs of their citizens and preserve their freedom. But the question now : is that what actually happens behind the closed door? Industrial Revolution, at the time when it emerged, was regarded as a milestone in many levels. It transformed the living for great masses of people and scaled up the machine tools and manufacturer into the most amazing advancement in history of world economy and politics. But unfortunately, in progression, industrialisation became a major cause and problem in societal structure, since it begun to be developed into a political tool for ruling class to dominate and control over means of production and manual labour. In the 20th century, all the enormous industry that is simply built on / for business interest is assimilated with the oligarchy system and consequently re-established a novel form of massive segregation where the rich and powerful elites trample on working class. So, what have left for us now? Our ideas. In his classic book “democracy and education”, he proposed a new movement to awaken social consciousness as a means of paving the way for freedom and democracy. Where do we start? Education. Or reformed education, NOT the college-based school that ostensibly intends to distribute knowledge and educate young people, but instead, is run for profit-making machine and authority’s tool to suppress (of so-called) the “misdeed” of young people. As what John Dewey as well mentioned earlier : “every great advance in science has issued from a new audacity of imagination”. So, don’t ever submit to social conformity and obedience which essentially based on manufactured consent that benefits nobody but the powerful and rich. Because, obedience and conformity are a pitfall for our nature as a free man and a violation for our right as an individual.
Written by DHANA