What Actually Defines Freedom?
“…I don’t like the spirit of socialism — I think freedom is the basis of everything..”
Bertrand Russell – British mathematician, philosopher and social activist –
The most pertinent critics that had ever been produced, is the body of work written by brilliant british philosopher bertrand russell. In 20th century, his essays have tackled a wide range of issues, spanned from political ideology to organised religion. One of his most fierce and adverse criticism was his attack on the rising of socialism in the early 20th century. He contended that marxist idea of socialism, while in theory advocate egalitarianism, abolish private ownership and diminish social class but in practice, was diverted into an abusive and malignant power of totalitarianism which ban democracy and violate human rights. So, what actually freedom is? Who is more worthy of defining the concept of freedom? bourgeois system of feudalism and capitalism which historically had enslaved mankind or classless revolution that bring a dictatorship into being? Bertrand Russell possibly would have said : Neither!