“….If those in charge of our society — politicians, corporate executives, and owners of press and television — can dominate our ideas, they will be secure in their power…”
~ Howard Zinn / Historian and Social Activist ~
In the age of modern warfare and terrorism, our morality and humanity have been harshly and brutally crushed to shreds. The merger of capital and power have been magnified and capitalized by state, corporate business, military and media to attain their political ends and to retain the status quo. Absolute control over natural resources, destruction for the production of human labors, exerting massive power and economic hegemony are the most colossal masterplan that underlies behind every wars.
The history of violence in this civilization has repeated itself over and over again. From the middle ages to 20th century, this world has been filled with a series of bloodshed that destruct armless and innocent people. It’s all being done in the name of good cause and for the sake of interest for ruling class. Now the problem is not how we should perceive it but how can we redeem it. Do we dare to question authority and the rulers? Are we brave to challenge the all-powerfull and the almighty?
Throughout decades, people have been persistently deceived by state power – under grand illusions glorified and enhanced by mass media – that all wars are aimed to preserve the virtous cause : defeat the evil power, defend the good forces and save the mankind. But, is that the actual motive that laying behind the policies of lauching war and invading another countries? A bunch of “intellectual” rationalisation keeps manipulating the minds of free-open societies and externalizing it’s sinister and gruesome plan through blind patriotism of flag-waving.
As what Howard Zinn had remarked : “…If those people in power can dominate people’s ideas, they won’t need to establish police state because we will control ourselves…” Any monstrous failure with it’s horrific consequences can be surpressed under pretext of salvaging and spreading good cause – even when the establishment were wrong, noone would confront them- And if noone have a right to formulate their own ideas, it will jeopardize mankind and cilivized world.
But, we may still have some hopes and prospect to protect the continuation of our good lives : our moral institution and conscience. That’s it. The world’s history isn’t just about cruelty and savagery but also compassion, sacrifice, courage and kindness. No other place where we can find them but within ourselves.
Written by DHANA
“….The challenge of modernity is to live without illusions and without becoming disillusioned….”
~ Antonio Gramsci / Marxist Philosopher and Political Theorist~
How do we perceive industrialisation in the world? What have a revolution in industry cast on world’s society? Modernisation is one of the most prominent effect – probably the biggest – that any system can have contributed upon it’s people. In post-colonial world, many civilisation have been essentially modernised, which ranges from the advancement of information technology, urbanisation and the most important core : the spread of education. BUT, is that all? is that what basically a modernisation having done to a society? Gramsci, a very influential and brilliant philosopher, theorized a tenet- famously called “cultural hegemony” – which strongly censures and criticizes the political body of dominance, monopoly and subordination of a bourgeois class over proletariat in social structure or under present circumstance, in which one major country have an oblique but massive influence in cultural, social, economic and political sphere on a less-developing and more weak countries. The history of hegemonic power goes way back to the era of ancient greece but the existence are still present today. The industrial revolution has even reinforced the imperial power to wield their mighty domination in the poor countries to keep them in the bondage and subjection through financial debt, under pretext to advance free trade globalisation. The chain of dependency – especially those countries where the population have suffered in enormous economic crisis or famine – is unscrewed and remains one of the biggest challenge any poor country have to face up with. As in issue antonio gramsci tried to grasp : modernity should not become an “invitation” for a powerful hegemony to cloak it’s agenda and perpetuate their influence in their inferior colony. If it never cease to exist, then it would be a blatant indication for a catastrophic setback of human rights and another privilige that should not be deprived by anyone.
Written by DHANA
“….Until industrial feudalism is replaced by industrial democracy, politics will be the shadow cast on society by big business….”
~ John Dewey / Philosopher and Psychologist ~
In this famous remark, John Dewey – a highly respected and revered philosopher in 20th century – enunciated a bleak, horrific condition and reality that exists in a free and open society. In many free worlds, such as United States, democracy and it’s value necessarily are very imperative and essential to fulfill the needs of their citizens and preserve their freedom. But the question now : is that what actually happens behind the closed door? Industrial Revolution, at the time when it emerged, was regarded as a milestone in many levels. It transformed the living for great masses of people and scaled up the machine tools and manufacturer into the most amazing advancement in history of world economy and politics. But unfortunately, in progression, industrialisation became a major cause and problem in societal structure, since it begun to be developed into a political tool for ruling class to dominate and control over means of production and manual labour. In the 20th century, all the enormous industry that is simply built on / for business interest is assimilated with the oligarchy system and consequently re-established a novel form of massive segregation where the rich and powerful elites trample on working class. So, what have left for us now? Our ideas. In his classic book “democracy and education”, he proposed a new movement to awaken social consciousness as a means of paving the way for freedom and democracy. Where do we start? Education. Or reformed education, NOT the college-based school that ostensibly intends to distribute knowledge and educate young people, but instead, is run for profit-making machine and authority’s tool to suppress (of so-called) the “misdeed” of young people. As what John Dewey as well mentioned earlier : “every great advance in science has issued from a new audacity of imagination”. So, don’t ever submit to social conformity and obedience which essentially based on manufactured consent that benefits nobody but the powerful and rich. Because, obedience and conformity are a pitfall for our nature as a free man and a violation for our right as an individual.
Written by DHANA
“…the modern workers’ struggle is a part of history and a part of social progress. In the middle of it, we learn how we must fight…”
~ Rosa Luxemburg / Marxist Philosopher & Revolutionary Socialist ~
In post-cold world, does the whole world become a far better place to live in? Does the world become more just and equitable? Would peace and justice automatically swoop in? Interestingly, that in fact is what most people always think or at least, assume. One major global power, which formerly was acknowledged as a repressive and totalitarian system, has been torn down. So, presumably the world would conform to more ‘favourable’ ideology that wins out the war, since what’ve appeared on the surface is an ideology that counter oppression and shelter free-thinking. BUT,unfortunately as soon as the hidden agenda emerged, the new face of evil would re-appear. As what Rosa Luxemburg elucidated nearly hundred years ago in her account of anti-imperialism : accumulation of capital is a major source and early stage to attain power and establish a regime as well as to wield in a mighty and autocratic control over population.In the modern era, as globalisation sweeps through the entire world, it inevitably enables the political objective for imposing undemocratic rules upon freedom to arise and it would become even more strongly unconstrained. So therefore, Luxemburg summed up a manifesto to struggle : we must resurrect the deepest consciousness of all workers, labours and the whole population to re-mobilize the movement and set off a new revolution. The concept might be outdated, but the zeal for struggle is certainly not. Now we must take revolution to a whole new level and sets out a virtual war against the modern face of injustice and tyrannical mayhem. The spirit of struggle should be sparked again..because, it is a part of our history …we all always must to strive and fight.. for the sake of our own destiny.
Written by DHANA